مروری اجمالی بر تاثیر شیوه‌های مختلف انجام نورد انباشتی بر ریزساختار و ویژگی‌های مکانیکی آلیاژ‌های نانوساختار و نانوکامپوزیت‌های بر پایه آلومینیم

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری نانومواد، گروه نانومواد، دانشکده فناوری نانو، پردیس علوم و فناوری‌های نوین، دانشگاه سمنان

2 دانشیار، گروه نانومواد، دانشکده نانوفناوری، پردیس علوم و فناوری‌های نوین، دانشگاه سمنان

چکیده

در سال های اخیر، روش های مبتنی بر تغییر شکل پلاستیک شدید، جهت بهبود ساختار و خواص مکانیکی فلزات مختلف بویژه آلومینیم مورد توجه قرار گرفته اند. از میان روش های مختلف، فرایند نورد انباشتی جهت اصلاح ساختار ورق ها بسیار مورد توجه است. با استفاده از این روش می توان آلیاژهای آلومینیم نانوساختار و نانوکامپوزیت های آلومینیم و ذرات تقویت کننده را ایجاد کرد و همزمان ویژگی های مکانیکی مانند استحکام کششی و سختی را به طرز محسوسی بهبود بخشید. در اغلب پژوهش های صورت گرفته، با انجام نورد انباشتی میانگین اندازه دانه ها به کمتر از 500 نانومتر و استحکام کششی تا بیش از 2 برابر استحکام نمونه آنیل شده اولیه افزایش یافته است. نورد انباشتی می تواند به روش های مختلفی بر ورق ها اعمال شود که تاثیر متفاوتی بر اصلاح ساختار و ویژگی های مکانیکی خواهد داشت. در این مقاله تاثیر روش های مختلف انجام فرایند نورد انباشتی بر ریزساختار و خواص مکانیکی آلیاژهای آلومینیم و کامپوزیت های بر پایه آلومینیم بررسی شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A brief review on effect of accumulative roll bonding routes on microstructure and mechanical properties of nanostructure alloys and nanocomposites based on aluminum

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hamed Roghani Mamaghani 1
  • Ehsan Borhani 2
1 PhD student of Nanomaterials, Nanomaterials Group, Faculty of Nanotechnology, College of New Sciences and Technologies, Semnan University,
2 Associate Professor, Nanomaterials Group, Faculty of Nanotechnology, College of New Sciences and Technologies, Semnan University,
چکیده [English]

In recent years, methods based on sever plastic deformation have been considered to improve the structure and mechanical properties of various metals, especially aluminum. Among the different methods, accumulative roll boding process is appropriate to improve the structure of metals sheet. Using this method, nanostructured aluminum alloys and aluminum nanocomposites reinforced by particles can be manufactured and simultaneously improve mechanical properties such as tensile strength and hardness. In most researches, after applying of 6 to 8 cycle of accumulative roll boding process the average of grain size reduced to less than 500 nm and the tensile strength increased to more than 2 times of the strength of the annealed aluminum. Accumulative roll boding process can be applied to different sheets in different routes, which will have a different effect on structural modification and mechanical properties. In this paper, the effect of various methods of accumulative roll boding process on microstructure and mechanical properties of aluminum alloys and aluminum based composites has been investigated.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Aluminum, Severe plastic deformation (SPD)
  • Accumulative roll bonding (ARB)
  • Nanostuctures
  • Nanocomposites

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